At the center of the UN system is the 193-member General Assembly (GA), comprised of seven main committees and various subsidiary and related bodies. The GA serves primarily as a forum for discussing general issues such as international peace and security and international collaboration in economic, social, cultural, educational, and health fields. The GA is also able to establish committees and other bodies to study and report on specific issues. Although the decisions of the GA have no binding legal force upon member-states, they do carry the weight of the moral authority of the world community.
DISEC [First Committee]
Established to deal with the technological implications of the atomic bomb used against Japan and in development by every other major military power of the day, the General Assembly First Committee of 1946 focused on all political and security questions of the General Assembly’s agenda. Along with the then-unnumbered Special Political Committee, the First Committee provided the stage for the liveliest debates between superpowers during the Cold War, centering on armament stockpiling and territorial balance between Soviet communism and Western capitalism.
The First Committee deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime.
It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments.